Sheet-Pan Fish With Chard and Spicy Red-Pepper Relish

Sheet-Pan Fish With Chard and Spicy Red-Pepper Relish

A relish of sweet red peppers, tomatoes, onions and habanero chile, serves as both a marinade and a dressing in this recipe. Its distinct taste is reminiscent of an essential Nigerian stew known in Yoruba as obè̩ ata and used as a base sauce for braising meats or leafy greens, simmering seafood and ladling over cooked starches. This recipe combines the piquant, fiery relish with a tender white fish and leafy greens for an easy sheet-pan meal. A high-temperature broil in the oven will leave you with a delicious char across the pan, and a cilantro-lime finish adds a layer of brightness to the generous variety of flavors. Make the relish up to a week ahead and marinate the fillets overnight if you can. Serve it with steamed rice, millet or fonio.
  • Total:
  • Serves: 4 persons



  1. Step 1

    Make the red-pepper relish: Combine red peppers, onion, garlic, ginger and habanero pepper in a food processor. Pulse into a coarsely chopped purée. (You can also finely mince the ingredients with a sharp knife.)
  2. Step 2

    In a shallow medium sauté pan, heat 1/4 cup oil over medium heat. Add the turmeric, and toast until fragrant, about 30 seconds. Add the relish and crushed tomato, and bring up to a simmer. Allow the relish to simmer, stirring occasionally, until sauce is thickened to a paste and turns a shade darker in color, about 15 to 18 minutes. Remove from heat and season with salt to taste.
  3. Step 3

    Prepare the fish: Set the oven to broil. Using a sharp knife, score the skin side of the fillets by making 2 parallel cuts across the width. Be careful not to cut all the way through the flesh. Place the fillets on a large rimmed baking sheet, and season both sides with salt. Using a spoon or gloved hands, spread 1 cup of the relish generously over both sides of each fillet, working the marinade into the cuts.
  4. Step 4

    Scatter the chard around the edges of the fillets on the pan, tucking a few pieces under the fish. (You want a nice char on the fish, so don’t cover the fillets with chard pieces.) Drizzle the fillets and chard with oil, and season with more salt. Broil until fish is charred in spots, cooked through and the chard is starting to wilt and brown, about 6 to 8 minutes.
  5. Step 5

    As the fish cooks, make a quick dressing: Combine the remaining relish, lime zest, juice and 1/4 cup oil. Remove the baking sheet from the oven, and scatter the torn cilantro over the fish and chard. Spoon the dressing over everything. Serve fish with any leftover dressing on the side.